procedure Val(S; var V; var Code: Integer);
In Delphi code, Val converts the string value S to its numeric representation, as if it were read from a text file with Read.
S is a string-type expression; it must be a sequence of characters that form a signed real number.
V is an integer-type or real-type variable. If V is an integer-type variable, S must form a whole number.
Code is a variable of type Integer.
If the string is invalid, the index of the offending character is stored in Code; otherwise, Code is set to zero. For a null-terminated string, the error position returned in Code is one larger than the actual zero-based index of the character in error.
Val performs range checking differently depending upon the setting of the $R compiler directive and the type of the parameter V.