Pascal/Turbo Pascal - Figuras geométricas en una matriz

 
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Figuras geométricas en una matriz

Publicado por Abraham (1 intervención) el 09/07/2017 02:36:46
Hola amigo! soy nuevo en esto de la programación, cabe destacar que solo sé hacer matrices super simples,pero este ejercicio me mató el cerebro. Por favor ayudenme, tenga consideración por se un novato


El enunciado dice: Realizar un programa que dado un carácter cualquiera (que el usuario debe ingresar) y una figura geométrica de las opciones presentadas, usted debe realizar un programa que dibuje una figura dentro de
una matriz.
Dicho menú presentado debe contener tres figuras básicas y dos opcionales.
Figuras básicas: triangulo, circulo, cuadrado, rectángulo y las figuras opcionales ustedes la eligen sin tomarlas de las básicas.

Debe validar todas sus entradas al programa.


.

Por favor agradecería toda su ayuda.
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Figuras geométricas en una matriz

Publicado por ramon (2127 intervenciones) el 08/08/2017 22:57:13
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{Esto valdría}
 
program figuras;
  uses
     crt;
   const
      elmenu : array[1..4] of string[10] = (
      'triangulo', 'circulo', 'cuadrado', 'rectangulo');
      menuop : array[1..2] of string[10] = (
      'hexagono','rombo');
 
  type
     matriz = array[1..10,1..10] of char;
 
   var
     line, colum : integer;
     tecla, caract : char;
     figur : matriz;
     sal : boolean;
 
 
 
    procedure triangulo(car : char);
    begin
       figur[5,1] := car;
       colum := 5;
       for line := 1 to 4 do
       begin
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := colum - 1;
       end;
       for line := 2 to 8 do
       figur[line,5] := car;
       line := 5;
       for colum := 1 to 5 do
       begin
          figur[line,colum] := car;
          line := line + 1;
       end;
       for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
         readkey;
    end;
 
    procedure circulo(car : char);
    begin
       colum := 1;
       for line := 4 to 6 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := 2;
       for line := 3 downto 1 do
       begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         colum := colum + 1;
       end;
       colum := 2;
       for line := 7 to 9 do
       begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         colum := colum + 1;
       end;
       line := 1;
       for colum := 5 to 6 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 9;
       for colum := 5 to 6 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := 7;
       for line := 2 to 4 do
       begin
        figur[line,colum] := car;
        colum := colum + 1;
       end;
         colum := 9;
         line := 5;
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         colum := 9;
        for line := 6 to 9 do
        begin
          figur[line,colum] := car;
          colum := colum - 1;
        end;
        for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
        readkey;
    end;
 
    procedure cuadro(car : char);
    begin
       colum := 1;
       for line := 1 to 9 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := 9;
       for line := 1 to 9 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 1;
       for colum := 2 to 8 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 9;
       for colum := 2 to 8 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
        readkey;
    end;
 
    procedure rectangulo(car : char);
    begin
       colum := 1;
       for line := 1 to 9 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := 5;
       for line := 1 to 9 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 1;
       for colum := 2 to 4 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 9;
       for colum := 2 to 4 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
        readkey;
    end;
 
    procedure hexagono(car : char);
    begin
       colum := 1;
       for line := 4 to 7 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       colum := 7;
       for line := 4 to 7 do
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := 3;
       for colum := 2 to 4 do
       begin
       figur[line,colum] := car;
       line := line - 1;
       end;
       line := 7;
       for colum := 1 to 4 do
       begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         line := line + 1;
       end;
       colum := 4;
       for line := 1 to 3 do
       begin
           figur[line,colum] := car;
           colum := colum + 1;
       end;
        colum := 7;
        for line := 7 to 9 do
        begin
          figur[line,colum] := car;
          colum := colum - 1;
        end;
        for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
        readkey;
       end;
 
    procedure rombo(car : char);
    begin
       colum := 5;
       for line := 1 to 5 do
       begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         colum := colum - 1;
       end;
       colum := 5;
       for line := 1 to 5 do
       begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         colum := colum + 1;
       end;
         line := 5;
         for colum := 1 to 5 do
         begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         line := line + 1;
       end;
        line := 5;
         for colum := 9 downto 5 do
         begin
         figur[line,colum] := car;
         line := line + 1;
       end;
        for line := 1 to 10 do
         for colum := 1 to 10 do
         if figur[line,colum] <> ' ' then
         begin
         gotoxy(line,colum);write(figur[line,colum]);
         end;
         gotoxy(1,13);write('  Pulse Una Tecla');
        readkey;
    end;
 
    procedure ocionales;
    var
      pulsa : char;
      term : boolean;
    begin
        term := false;
      repeat
        clrscr;
        writeln('   +++++ Menu Ociones +++++');
        writeln;
        writeln('  [H] = Hexagono');
        writeln('  [R] = Rombo');
        writeln('  [S] = Salir');
        writeln;
        writeln('  ---- Elija Opcion ----');
        repeat
            pulsa := upcase(readkey);
        until pulsa in['H','R','S'];
        fillchar(figur,sizeof(figur),' ');
        clrscr;
     case pulsa of
  'H' : hexagono(caract);
  'R' : rombo(caract);
  'S' : term := true;
     end;
     until term = true;
     clrscr;
    end;
 
    procedure menu;
    begin
       sal := false;
       clrscr;
       write('   Entre caracer : ');
       repeat
          caract := readkey;
      until caract in['A'..'Z','a'..'z'];
      clrscr;
     repeat
       clrscr;
       writeln('   ******* Menu General ******* ');
       writeln('   ---------------------------- ');
       writeln;
       writeln('   [T] = Triangulo');
       writeln('   [C] = Circulo');
       writeln('   [D] = Cuadro');
       writeln('   [R] = Rectangulo');
       writeln('   [O] = Ocionales');
       writeln('   [S] = Salir' );
       writeln;
       writeln('  >>>> Elija Opcion <<<<');
       repeat
       tecla := upcase(readkey);
       until tecla in['T','C','D','R','O','S'];
       clrscr;
       fillchar(figur,sizeof(figur),' ');
     case tecla of
  'T' : triangulo(caract);
  'C' : circulo(caract);
  'D' : cuadro(caract);
  'R' : rectangulo(caract);
  'O' : ocionales;
  'S' : sal := true;
    end;
     until sal = true;
    end;
 
 
 
    begin
       menu;
    end.
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